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Enneagram Type 4

Enneagram Type 4


Type 4 is characterized by emotionality, creativity, originality, and a desire for individual specialness. Type 4s largely base their identity on their emotions and a vague but potent sense of missing something within themselves, the consequence of which is an unstable sense of self. This type is very comfortable with negative emotion and can become ensconced in self-pity or despair.

However, Type 4 has the capacity to be extraordinarily emotionally honest and is determined to understand their, and others', experiences. Their awareness of emotions, especially suffering, can often translate into inspirational creative pursuits that invite others into their own depths. At healthy levels, Type 4 is released from the storm of their inner experience and can inspire the span of human experience through creativity, compassionate sensitivity, and revelatory introspection. At liberated levels, Type 4 is an emissary of the profound poignancy of the individual experience.


Character Traits & Descriptions

Adapted from the work of Russ Hudson and Claudio Naranjo

The Individualist - "The Sensitive, Withdrawn Type: Expressive, Dramatic, Self-Absorbed, and Temperamental" -Russ Hudson

Seeking Happiness Through Pain – envy involving a painful sense of lack and a craving towards that which is felt lacking, love hunger, prone to shame, unconscious hope of obtaining love through suffering, craving for care, empathetic concern for the needs of others, special person self-image, stylish-elegant-artistic-sensitive. – Claudio Naranjo

Pathways to Essence

Adapted from Keys to the Enneagram and Facets of Unity by A.H. Almaas

Essential Endowment: Essential Identity

Essential Identity is the spiritual dimension of the unique, glimmering nature of the individual consciousness or soul. It is unbridled authenticity and “the movement from spiritual experience to spiritual realization, realizing we are the point and experiencing ourself as such”(Keys to the Enneagram, pg 99).

Experienced directly, it can be like a star or like the totality of presence condensed into a single, shining point. It is the inherent, irreducible sense of “I”, the “the unfabricated affect of identity, the pure feeling of I-ness”(Keys to the Enneagram, pg 99).

When embodied, this endowment supports an authentic, radiant, stable, and integrous way of being.

To learn more about Essential Identity, you can explore the "Keys to the Enneagram" course or the chapter on Point 4 in A.H. Almaas’ book Keys to the Enneagram.

Ego Ideal & Avoidance: Type 4 idealizes originality, specialness, and authenticity in avoidance of feeling insignificant and without substance or identity.

Passion: Envy – Perceptual illusion; perceiving others as possessing abilities, qualities, and characteristics that appear far more desirable than the ones they have, and coveting what they see.

Virtue: Equanimity – A balanced mind, a balanced view of oneself and others.

Holy Idea: Holy Origin – "Holy Origin is the objective view that you are never disconnected from your center, which is Essence, at whatever level it is operating on; that this Origin is the Source of the soul and its final home; and that this Origin is characterized by the Ideas of truth, perfection, and intrinsic goodness, the Holy Ideas at the top of the Enneagram. So these three qualities characterize the Origin from which the soul is never separate." - Facets of Unity, ch. 18

Specific Delusion: Separate Doer – The conviction in the concept of separate identity—that your “I” is ultimately separate, independent, different, and unique.

Specific Difficulty: Abandoned – The experiential state of feeling disconnected, estranged, alienated, cast out, and abandoned.

Specific Reaction: Controlling – The attempt to control one’s experience so as not to experience the feeling of disconnection.

Dynamic Core Elements of Type 4

Adapted from the work of Sandra Maitri

Ego Trap: Authenticity – Attempting to replicate the qualities of the point, essential identity, through identity-based behaviors rather than connection to Essence.

Anti-Self Action: Self-controlling – Extreme carefulness about what they express and how they behave.

Ego Lie: Simulation – Posturing and projecting the desired appearance.

Defense Mechanism: Introjection – Projecting qualities and beliefs of another onto one's own identity.

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